The origins of rock and roll in the 1950s Decade) was a combination of elements from different musical genres:
* Boogie woogie.
* Rhythm and blues.
The genus was also influenced by traditional as the Hillbilly, Ireland folk music, gospel music, and country, music genres genres that were already highly developed. The merger of these and other musical genres in the former New York City in the 19th century, Five Points district resulted in rock and Roll and rock.
* 1 Rock and Roll
o 1.1 Origin of the term
o 1.2 The term sexual meaning
* 2 Origins
o 2.1 Explosion in the years 1954-1960
* 3 See also
* 4 Bibliography
* 5 External links
Rock and Roll
Article principal: Rock and Roll
Rock n’ roll
Musical origins: Blues, country, hillbilly, R & B, jazz, gospel
Cultural origins: 40-50 Years, the blues evolves taking influences from other genres
Common Tools: Guitar, bass, drums, harmonica, keyboards
Popularity: High worldwide since its origin.
See subgenera rock
The term “rock and roll” was originally a nautical term that has been used by sailors for centuries. Refers to “rock” (moving back and forward) and “roll” (moving towards the side) of a boat. The expression can be found in English dating back to the 17TH century, always referring to boats and ships literature. The term sneaks in black spiritual music in the 19th century, but with a religious significance, and was recorded for the first time in 1916, recording the Little Wonder label called “The Camp Meeting Jubilee” gospel phonographic support.
Before 1947, only people who used to talk about “rocking” were black gospel singers. “Rocking” was a term used by Americans for “possession” experienced in certain religious events, and the term is also referred to the powerful rhythm in music accompanying such religious experience. This music became very powerful and popular, almost to every African-American artist drew a disk of this new genre.
Origin of the term
Arrival music, what I needed was a name. R & B (coined in 1949) was a too ambiguous term because R & B was a category which included all forms of black music except jazz and gospel. Any other style was considered R & B. But this “rocking” music was new and revolutionary, so it needed a new name, so the disc jockeys, led by one of Cleveland called Alan Freed, began to call him “rock and roll”. This happened in 1951 and many DJs used that term, which was also used to sell music to a wider audience.
The term sexual meaning
A double and ironic meaning that arose in 1947 due to the “Good Rocking Tonight” Roy Brown in which the word “rocking” was apparently blues singer song of dance but in fact was a subtly veiled sex allusion.
The final version of this song makes Elvis Presley, in 1954. These double intentions were nothing new in music blues (which was mostly limited to the double-entendres and clubs) but were unknown in radio transmissions. In general, the term “rocking”, acquired a new meaning: sex.
The rock and Roll, as already mentioned, originated a fusion of different genres of African American music. In 1947, Roy Brown made a blues called “Good Rocking Tonight”, which was a parody of the gospel, where instead of “Rock” to the Lord, he showed people Church Deacon Jones and Elder Brown to non-religious mode “Rock” (dancing in a vulgar way, or highly sexual). It was the first time that merged into the same song meaning “Rock” gospel (of souls) and non-religious sense (dance, sex). After the success of the first version of “Good Rocking Tonight” rhythm and blues artists used similar at the end of the 1940s, titles including a song called “rock and Roll” recorded by Wild Bill Moore in 1949. These songs were relegated to the stores of “race music” (the alias in the music industry used to refer to rhythm and blues) and were barely known to white audiences. Note that high racial discrimination in the United States was present at that time.
Wynonie Harris recorded a version of the disk of Brown, in 1947, but it was going to convert, on the basis of what happened next, in one of the most important recordings of music history. Grabbed Brown, joke about the Church “rockeando” people but addition to parody, changed pace to a compass and gospel, rhythm fusing thereby gospel and blues in an innovative way. When entered in 1948 version Wynonie Harris in “Good Rocking Tonight” was recorded in December 1947, began a revolution. Although Harris was not the first to sing blues with a gospel, compass that others like Big Joe Turner what had been doing for years, went the Harris which started the fashion of “rocking” blues and R & B late 1940s. After the disk Harris, blast of blues “rocking” songs made every black artist to draw a disc of “rocking” blues in 1949 or 1950. There was a ban on record during the year 1948, so many discs recorded in early 1949 it had recorded really secret in 1948. One of these recordings was the “Rocking At Midnight” Roy Brown, who was his response to the version of its “Good Rocking Tonight” Wynonie Harris. In 1952 and 1953, “rock and roll” was characterized more by sweet teen named bird, such as Crows, Ravens, Orioles, Cardinals, vocal groups love ballads and other increasingly that same style. Normally, the B-sides of these disks were quick topics for dance, which were called “rockers”. In various parts of the United States, people would adding local influences:
* In the cities of the North, Puerto Rican and Italian communities played “rock and roll” in his own way.
* The West Coast, chicanos played it in Spanish.
* In the South American country singers added “rock and roll” to his “hillbilly boogie” and “rockabilly” was.
* The cajun Louisiana added “rock and roll” to his music, and the zydeco was.
* The English added “rock and roll” to his music and “skiffle” was.
All this was happening at the beginning of the 1950s, first “rock and roll” appeared on American television was on May 2, 1954, when The Treniers appeared on The Colgate Comedy Hour still hosts Jerry Lee Lewis and Dean Martin. This is much before Elvis appear on television