Dorothy Mae Kilgallen (July 3, 1913 – November 8, 1965)
Was a prominent journalist and collaborator of television source American – Irish, perhaps mostly known from the United States for its coverage of the trial of Sam Sheppard, his journalistic column The voice of Broadway and fixed the television contest participation What’s My Line? (What is my profession?). Born in Chicago, daughter of the well-known journalist James Kilgallen and Mae Kilgallen, housewife. He had a sister named Eleanor Kilgallen, with residence in New York and agent auditions and hiring of Universal Studios and played an important role in the rise of the artistic careers of James Dean, Kim Cattrall and other actors.
* 1 Reporter, columnist and American television and radio personality
* 2 Articles and controversial statements
o 2.1 Kilgallen and the Kennedy assassination
o 2.2 Reporting UFOs
o 2.3 Foreign
* 3 Death
* 4 Bibliography
o 4.1 Additional reading
* 5 References
Reporter, columnist and American television and radio personality
Dorothy early career began as a reporter in the trials of Bruno Hauptmann (convicted for alleged liability of the kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh’s son) and Anna Antonio convicted murderers. An example of trial involving not murder and Dorothy covered was regarding the lawyer Thomas Aurelius, aspiring firmly expulsion process to fill a vacancy on the Supreme Court of New York in 1943. The reason for the expulsion procedure was intercepted a friendly conversation which it maintained with Frank Costello, Italian-born union leader who was apparently ensure the choice of Aurelio on bribes. Thomas Aurelius was not expelled and remained in the service of the State until 1973. Kilgallen coverage regarding this subject in 1943 was exclusively published in newspapers of William Randolph Hearst, who carefully supervised them until his death in 1951. He also wrote for national magazines like Reader’s Digest.
In 1936, Kilgallen competed with two young journalists from a daily New York in a race around the world using means of transport only available to the general public (not only military personnel or the heroes of aviation at the time). In spite of being the only woman participant, won second place. Described the event in his book, Girl Around The World (girl in the world) and wrote the adaptation to the screen for the 1937 film Fly Away Baby starring Glenda Farrell as character inspired Kilgallen. During its short residence in Hollywood from 1936-1937, Kilgallen wrote a column which could only be read in New York, but that however caused a lawsuit for libel with Constance Bennett, then Hollywood star. Kilgallen clearly won the friendship or at least the approval of Jean Harlow, fact proved by the invitation to the funeral of blonde actress who survives among the documents columnist saved for decades and his widower donated to Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.
On his return to New York, Kilgalle began writing periodically The Voice of Broadway (voice of Broadway) in a column called Journal owned by Hearst New York Journal American column in which he wrote until his death in 1965, mainly presented the news concerning the world of entertainment and society of New York, but also addressed fortunate way other topics such as politics. Success led to the dissemination in other newspapers across the country.
In early 1945, became the talk show co-host Breakfast with Dorothy and Dick, by her husband Richard Kollmar. Transmitting live at the WOR AM station every morning except Sunday (day that is trasmitiía a repetition), the program was broadcast from the couple Department located on Park Avenue and featured the Kollmars talking “desktop talks” about social news rumors his family and interesting people who were hours earlier in clubs or festivals. His three sons Richard Jr., Jill and Kerry were often included in the conversation. When the family moved to an apartamental construction (described as a Georgian House) in June 1952, reserved a room on the fifth floor especially for its radio broadcasts.
Although the WOR promoted as a strictly New York station, there are reports that because of the height of transmission towers signal was captured by inhabitants of New England and the mid-west, and therefore it could hear issuing from Breakfast with Dorothy and Dick. For example, in 1956 the Kollmars discuían air a newspaper from a library of Times Square that had violated a law of the city of New York who required him to keep clean the sidewalk to the local. He told the judge that comply with the order was difficult in view of other law forbade to a neo-had sweeping the sidewalk from 9: 00 am. Dorothy spent much time talking about it, but Richard noticed that the City Government allowed an employee to operate a sweeping streets anytime day or night.
What to 1950, Dorothy is on American television game show panelist returned What’s My Line?, which aired on the CBS television Network from 1950 to 1967. Remained on the agenda for 15 years until his death. The program became a classic television, notorious for civility both the panel and its host. Members Kilgallen was presented by announcer as “popular columnist granted whose Voice of Broadway appeared in newspapers from coast to coast”. Dorothy played its role as a panelist with sophisticated New York, a competitive spirit, interrogating acutely to the guests and a special moments of humor joy. Often threw invented by Steve Allen question: “Is larger than a panera?” (estimating the size of the product made or sold by the opponent). Kilgallen attended the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953. His work won him nominated for the Pulitzer Prize.
People from outside of North America could not see “What’s My Line” Kilgallen. (Many countries launched their own version of the programme of competitions to cultural differences, the market and various streaming media). The success of the American programme managers of Hearts Corporatio gave confidence, however The Voice of Broadway was circulated in Canada, Europe, Australia and a daily English speaking in China. The issuance of the Line broadcast on February 13, 1955 included a listing at the top stating that Dorothy Kilgallen column could read in Australia. Did not know if ever published abroad nothing American writers refuse to publish historical value.
After the death of William Randolph Hearst in 1951, his empire began a slow decline fed by the struggle for power between two of her sons and a business executive named Richard Berlin. This situation caused three men to pass ignored the controversy caused by Dorothy in the New York Journal American until the last day of his life. Even until the last moment, the three men operated journal within a building from the East side of Manhattan, dirty and infested cockroach using older printers. Kilgallen worked outside of their home and used messaging services to send their articles, continued visiting the old House Journal occasionally.
Articles and controversial statements
Kilgallen was notable for its journalistic scope in its coverage of the trial for murder of Dr. Sam Sheppard. The case inspired the television program The Fugitive. The New York Journal American led headlines headlines that she was “shocked” by the guilty verdict. Doctor who was an osteopaths, was indicted for the murder of his wife Marilyn to beat her with an instrument to death at his home in Bay Village in the suburb of Cleveland.
Many residents of Cleveland believed in the guilt of Dr. Sheppard, including the Cleveland Plain Dealer editors who spread located way Kilgallen column. Immediately after wrote about the persecutors of Sheppard, “not tested that would be guilty only tested are men with pinhead on Mars” his column was removed from it daily. The inhabitants of the Cleveland debiero be grateful not published for Kilgallen. As revealed nine years later the Club InterContinental journalists in New York, the judge the case had told the commencement of the trial that the doctor was guilty “to the hell”.
When the Attorney f. Lee Bailey began the long process of reopening of the case, concluding with the release of Sheppard in prison in July 1964, discovered other testimony which indicated that the judge decided to hear or see any testimony or evidence.
Arlene Francis, companion of Dorothy in What’s My Line, panel said in 1976, “I think that Dorothy was a wonderful journalist.” “When something like Sheppard’s trial compared his column rumors cubrío”.
Dorothy Kilgallen was often antagonistic towards Frank Sinatra in his newspaper column and in the episodes “The Frank Sinatra Story” series (published only in the Hearst Newspapers). Sinatra take resentment it and referred to her as a “Wonder coming to less”. Ironically, the two had been friends for many years (two photographs of them rehearsing the argument for a radio broadcast in 1948, shows it). Even Kilgallen began criticizing Sinatra for their alleged connections to organized crime. Kilgallen also maintained a relationship with singer Johnnie Ray. After that the power of the columnists Broadway cede television commentators and other personalities in the late 1950s, Kilgallen was often parodied by Hermione Gingold comedian and the editors of the MAD magazine among others.
In 1961, when Nashville Grand Ole Opry Country music artists appeared in Carnegie Hall New York musicians benefit Kilgallen described them as “villagers from the sticks” in their comumna published published they should leave the city, mountaineers come”. Patsy Cline, one of the main participants responded that “the Mrs Dorothy Kilgallen, the wicked witch of the East, called us”villagers from the sticks”and if I had to find myself with this witch while I’m here, you would know how proud I am of being called a”montañés”.” Being fair with Kilgallen, should highlight that she and her friends Yorkers were probably subject to negative stereotypes associated with the country music genre at the time. An important female critique of New York, Harriet Van Horne, attempt of influence in his readers, including Kilgallen against gender. Screens, Dorothy reacting positively to – never showed contempt – Tennessee Ernie Ford and other singers of country music and southerners it was on live television. However you are heard ridicule the southern pronunciation of “Elvis” broadcast on October 28, 1956 “What’s My Line” program.
Kilgallen and the Kennedy assassination
Dorothy Kilgallen led an interview with Jack Ruby shortly before his death, during a recess of his trial for murder of Lee Harvey Oswald. Not revealed what spoke before his death. Obtained a copy of the testimony of Ruby to the Warren Commission, although it retained his testimony in confidentiality. It detonated an FBI investigation to find out how obtained.
His column in the New York Journal American was criticism with the Warren Commission while that their editors and usually conceded eliminated such paragraph. (Kilgallen acknowledged that in 1962 as a newspaper editor was entitled to do what the I would like to now material). September 3, 1965 for the edition of the Journal American Kilgallen wrote with respect to murder, “that history will not die while there is a real journalist alive and there are many of them living”. Had a history as a criticism of the Government, once suggested that the CIA recruited members of the Mafia to assassinate Fidel Castro (which was apparently later proven in the case). FBI director J. Edgar Hoover kept a record of it and its activities.
During a visits Kilgallen to Dallas to cover the trial of Jack Ruby for murder, the Dallas Times-Herald published a paragraph with a short biographical Dorothy’s profile and a photo of her court flanked by Melvin Belli and Joe Tonahill, the image and the caption lawyers claimed that Kilgallen was preparing articles for “numerous European publications” about events occurring in Dallas. Media names not met. Biography of Ms. Israel Kilgallen not cited any of them. Single Kilgallen had at least one article on business entertainment published in the German magazine called Quik (1964). It is unclear how many people outside the United States enteraban criminalísticos she dealt with cases. Several days before his death when the magazine Esquire asked if ever had fantaseado of a Hollywood film based on her life, asserted, that he had visited Berlin days earlier in where an alien confused it with Vivien Leigh, who Kilgallen wanted for the film.
Kilgallen wrote at least two occasions in his newspaper column about UFOs with sensational allegations that are often cited by researchers of the UFO phenomenon.
February 15, 1954 commented in his column that “flying saucers are seen with such importance which will be subject of a secret meeting of great military leaders worldwide next summer”. This statement is often related to alleged scholar of the phenomenon UFO, Majestic 12 secret group.[quotes required] By May 22, 1955 a now report of the Kilgallen who stated international news service (INS) “scientific and British aviators after examining the downfall of a mysterious flying ship, are convinced that these foreign aerial objects are not optical illusions or inventions Soviet, but flying saucers whose origin is another planet, the source of my information is an officer of Cabinet who prefers anonymity. ‘”We believe in the foundations of our somewhat vague inquiry saucers were manned by small men with a height below 1.21 m in height. Is daunting but it cannot be denied that the flying saucers coming from another planet ‘ “.” This article which was separated from the column of Kilgallen, appeared in the main of the New York Journal American and the Cincinnati Enquirer, and other journals.
Several attempts to get to the bottom of history including the INS editor were a failure. Gordon Creighton, editor of Flying Saucer review stated that information was provided to Kilgallen by Louis Mountbatten in a fiesta-coctel but attempts to verify the fact were in vain. Creighton did his claim little death Mountbatten.
Know visited Europe frequently in 1964 and 1965, on the other hand participated in a film excursion that increase the use of commercial airlines on the jets in the 1960s. However, it is not known on what he wrote while she was out, or if you wrote all. What’s My Line began pre-grabaciones episodes in 1959 and the summer holiday season in 1961. For the first time since 1950, Kilgallen and other participants in the program could vacation without having to explain to someone on their absences in the air. Some of the few comments aired on entertainment during this brief period focused on various topics, such as his commentary on June 10, 1965 regarding “The Manchurian Candidate” was “a routine melodrama with telegrafiada pattern” as if it had been sent via Messaging. 6 June of 1965, Martin Gabel, then Panelist from What’s My Line announced live Kilgallen had just returned from London where she had written about the Subject Profumo, two years earlier for the Journal American and possibly a British publication signal.
November 8, 1965 Kilgallen was found dead at his home in New York City at the age of 52 years and just 12 hours after having appeared live on the program “what What’s My Line?”. Your stylist Marc Sinclair found to arrive that morning to end fix hairstyle. He had apparently succumbed to a fatal combination of alcohol and seconal perhaps concurrent with a heart attack. It is not known if really was suicide or death accidental, although the amount of barbiturates on your system was little to suggest an accident.
Due to its open to the Warren Commission and other government entities United States, and its association with Jack Ruby and his recent interview with him criticism, some have speculated that she was murdered by members of the alleged conspiracy against John f. Kennedy, or perhaps people resentful for his continued refusal to reveal their sources in any case.[quotes required]. In August 1964, told the agents of the FBI that she “died before” that reveal the identity of the man who gave the testimony of Jack Ruby of the Warren Commission Lyndon B. Johnson’s had.
There was no evidence of struggle or that would have been forced room on November 8, 1965, although a biographer named Lee Israel discovered in 1970 none present historical notes were found ever.[quotes required] In the scene of his death, Kilgallen had entrenched a book, Robert Ruark, The Honey Badger in his hand, suggesting that had been reading it in bed, but its lenses for reading were not in the room, Kilgallen and Sinclair discussed in the book weeks before the end of it. Moreover, Dorothy noticed that the protagonist of the book died at the end